Sunspots, commonly referred to as solar lentigines or liver spots, are quite typical. Sunspots may appear on anybody, although individuals with pale skin and those over 40 are more likely to get them.
After exposure to the sun, they are flat brown patches that appear on the skin.
They come in a variety of sizes and shapes, and they often develop on the parts of your body that have been exposed to the sun the most, such as the backs of your hands, shoulders, and the face.
True sunspots are benign and cancer-free, although they may be removed for aesthetic reasons.
What Causes Sun Spots to Form?
Contact with UV radiation leads to sun spots. As a consequence of frequent sun exposure, they may progressively worsen over time. These spots are also referred to as liver spots, age spots, and solar lentigines. Although you may get them sooner, they are more prevalent in adults over the age of 40.
Flat, dense regions of brown pigment are visible as sun spots. Your body contains melanocytes, which are pigmented cells that grow when exposed to UV light. In actuality, exposure to the sun is the main factor in early aging, and sun rays are responsible for 80% of the skin’s obvious age indications. If you now have wrinkles or fine lines, they were undoubtedly caused by the sun. It’s unfair, but the same beach trip that gave you a tan when you were younger could give you spots as you become older.
Are Sun Spots Risky?
Sunspots are not dangerous to your health and are completely safe. Your doctor can typically distinguish between a sunspot and anything more dangerous, like skin cancer, merely by looking at it, so they don’t need to be treated.
Although the therapies for sunspots are largely risk-free, there is always some chance of harm. Always with your doctor before attempting any at-home remedies.
To reduce danger and guarantee the best outcomes, all professional operations should be carried out by a dermatologist who has passed a board exam.
Any skin area that worries you should be examined by a physician, particularly if it has altered in appearance or:
is expanding in scope
has a skewed boundary
is red, painful, swollen, or itching
is distinctive in color
How to prevent sunspots?
By limiting your exposure, you might be able to avoid developing sunspots on your face. This is possible by:
- avoiding the sun between the hours of 10:00 and 2:00.
- before going outside, applying sunscreen, and reapplying it every two hours
- selecting sunscreen-containing cosmetics
- using clothes and caps to hide your skin
How to remove sunspots from your face?
The appearance of sunspots on your face can be reduced or eliminated through a variety of at-home and professional procedures.
The following are some at-home remedies that might help sunspots on your face diminish or disappear:
Aloe vera: Research has shown that the active ingredients present in aloe vera plants, aloesin and aloin, help reduce sunspots and other hyperpigmentation.
Licorice extract: Some of the active components in licorice extract may help reduce sunspots and other skin discoloration brought on by exposure to sunlight, such melasma, often known as “the mask of pregnancy” and a condition that is frequent in pregnant women. Licorice extract is a common ingredient in topical lotions for sunspot whitening.
Vitamin C: This antioxidant has a number of advantages for your skin and the sun. Topical L-ascorbic acid has been shown to be beneficial in reducing the appearance of dark spots and protecting skin from UVA and UVB radiation. It also encourages the formation of collagen.
Vitamin E: A diet high in vitamin ETrusted Source, as well as taking a vitamin E supplement, may protect you from UV damage and enhance the health of your skin, particularly when combined with vitamin C. Applying vitamin E oil to your skin may protect it from sun damage and perhaps diminish sunspots.
Apple cider vinegar: Acetic acid, which is included in apple cider vinegar, may help lighten pigmentation on the skin and enhance the general look of your skin.
Green tea: According to some sources, rubbing green tea bags on your skin may help erase sunspots. Although there isn’t any concrete scientific proof of green tea bags’ efficacy, green tea extract has been found to have a depigmenting impact.
Black tea water: In a 2011 research, it was shown that using black tea water twice daily for six days a week for four weeks might lighten guinea pigs’ darkened patches.
Red onion: A 2010 research found that the dried peel of red onions contains compounds that may brighten skin.
Lemon juice: Lemon juice is a prominent component in skin lightening lotions and has long been used as a home cure for whitening hair and skin. While many swear by the capacity of lemon juice to remove sunspots, lemon juice is acidic and may dry out skin and eyes as well as irritate them.
Buttermilk: When applied to the skin, the lactic acid in buttermilk may help diminish sunspots.
Milk: Milk has a lot of lactic acid, which, like buttermilk, may help brighten sunspots. Skin discolouration has been successfully treated with sour milk.
Honey: Due to its high antioxidant content, honey has long been utilized in skin care products. When applied to the skin, it is thought to encourage the creation of new cells and may aid in the fading of sunspots.
Over-the-counter treatments: You may use a variety of topical creams at home to get rid of sunspots on your face. Look for creams that include deoxyarbutin, kojic acid, glycolic acid, or hydroxy acid.
Our Product Recommendations:
Vitamin C inhibits enzymatic processes that increase skin pigmentation and neutralizes free radicals that could harm the skin through oxidative stress. These two brown spot causes will be halted in their tracks with the aid of this L’Oreal serum.
We adore this formulation. Because it contains turmeric, it may be used to brighten and relieve inflammation on skin that is prone to acne.
Recently, this little guy gained popularity on TikTok, and for good cause. This includes a lot of acids, including lactic, glycolic, citric, hyaluronic, and salicylic. Each acid exfoliates the skin to improve texture and expose fresh, healthy cells.
We recommend this Neutrogena product if you’re looking for a reliable dark spot treatment from a drugstore. The combination of vitamin C and retinol promotes the shedding of pigment-rich skin cells and inhibits the production of abnormal pigment.
Because black spots and acne may appear everywhere on the body, including the delicate areas of the bikini line and underarms, Bushbalm created an oil that can be used to treat them. This is the go-to method for those who want to naturally lighten their skin without using harsh bleaching treatments. Bermuda Oil functions well because it contains tea tree oil, which reduces inflammation, and lemon essential oil, a natural exfoliator that serves to lessen the appearance of dark spots.